Mar 112008
 
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This glossary is from Purification of the Mind (Jila’ Al-Khatir)

This is a list of Arabic words and our chosen translations.

‘abd

servant/slave

‘ārif

knower

‘Arsh

the Throne

‘Ilm

Knowledge

‘uzla

seclusion

abdāl

spiritual substitutes

ādāb

refined behavior

al‑Ḥaqq

the True One

al-aqsām al‑maqsūma

allotted worldly shares

al-ḥukm (Sharī‘a)

the Law

asbāb

means

badaliyya

spiritual substitution

bāṭin

inward

bid‘a

false innovation

dhāhir

outward

dunya

this world

fanā’

extinction

farīdha

obligatory duty

ḥāl (ḥālāt)

spiritual state(s)

hawā

passion

himma

aspiration

ḥirṣ

greedy keenness

imān

faith

ishrāk

association of someone with Allah  or attribution of partners to Allah

īqān

certainty [of belief]

jalwa

public life

jawāriḥ

limbs and senses

jihād

strife or striving

kadr

impurity

khalwa

private life or solitude

laththāt

pleasures

luṭf

subtle kindness

ma‘nā

essence

ma‘rifa

knowingness

maqām

spiritual station

mi‘rāj

Heavenly Ascension

mu’min

believer

mujāhada

striving

munājāt

private conversation

mutazahhid

would-be ascetic

muttaqī

pious to Allah

nafs

lower self

qadar

destiny

qadhā’

divine decree

quṭb

spiritual pivot

ṣādiq

truthful person

ṣafā’

purity

shahawāt

lustful desires

sirr

innermost being

ṭab‘

natural inclination

taqwa

piety

tawakkul

trust

tawḥīd

belief in the oneness of God

walī

saint

wara‘

pious restraint

wāṣiṭa

mediator

wilāya

sainthood

yaqīn

certitude

zāhid

ascetic

zakāt

obligatory alms

zuhd

renunciation

      

Copyright © 2008 Shetha Al-Dargazelli & Louay Fatoohi
All Rights Reserved

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