This is “Appendix A.6: The Qur’anic Verses on Moses in the Chapter of Ghafir (Forgiver) (40.23-46)” of the book The Mystery of Israel in Ancient Egypt: The Exodus in the Qur’an, the Old Testament, Archaeological Finds, and Historical Sources
We sent Moses with our signs and clear authority (40.23) to Pharaoh, Haman, and Korah, but they said: “A lying magician!” (40.24). When the truth from Us came to them they said: “Kill the sons of those who are with him but spare their women.” The scheming of the disbelievers is bound to fail (40.25). Pharaoh said: “Let me kill Moses and let him call on his Lord. I fear that he will change your religion or cause corruption in the land” (40.26). Moses said: “I take refuge in my and your Lord from every arrogant person who does not believe in the Day of Reckoning” (40.27). A believing man from Pharaoh’s people who concealed his faith said: “Will you kill a man for saying ‘my Lord is Allah’ when he has come to you with manifest proofs from your Lord? If he is a liar then his lie would be against him, and if he is truthful then some of what he has threatened you with would fall on you. Allah does not guide one who is an extravagant liar (40.28). O my people! Today kingship is yours and you are in control in the land. But who would help us against the might of Allah if it comes on us?” Pharaoh said: “I let you see only what I see. I will guide you only in the right direction” (40.29). The one who believed said: “O my people! I fear for you the like of the day of the parties (40.30) — the like of the case of the people of Noah, ‘Ad, Thamud, and those after them. Allah does not desire any injustice for His servants (40.31). O my people! I fear for you the Day of Crying Out (40.32) — the day when you turn away in retreat, with none to defend you from Allah. Whomever Allah leads astray, he has no guide (40.33). Surely Joseph came to you in times gone by with clear proofs, but you ever remained in doubt about what he brought to you. When he died, you said: ‘Allah will not send a messenger after him.’ Thus does Allah cause to err him who is an extravagant doubter” (40.34). Those who dispute about the signs of Allah without any authority has come to them — that is very hateful in the sight of Allah and the believers. Thus does Allah set a seal on every arrogant, tyrant heart (40.35). Pharaoh said: “Haman, build for me a tower that I may be able reach the ways (40.36) — the ways of heavens to look at Moses’ god. I believe he is a liar.” Pharaoh’s evil work was made to look fair to him and he was turned away from the straight path. Pharaoh’s scheming is bound to fail (40.37). The one who believed said: “O my people! Follow me so that I can guide you to the right path (40.38). O my people! The life of this world is temporary and it is the hereafter that is the final abode (40.39). Whoever does evil he will only be recompensed with the like of it.” Whoever does good, whether a male or female while being a believer — those will enter Paradise and be provided for without count (40.40). [The one who believed said]: “O my people! How is it that I call you to salvation yet you call me to the Fire (40.41)? You call me to disbelieve in Allah and to associate with Him gods whom I have no knowledge of yet I call you to the Impregnable, the Forgiving One! (40.42). No doubt that what you call me to has no real call in this world or in the hereafter. Our return will be to Allah and the extravagant are the people of the Fire (40.43). You shall remember what I am saying and I shall commit my case to Allah. Allah sees the servants” (40.44). So Allah protected him from the evil of their scheming, and the woe of the torment encompassed the people of Pharaoh (40.45). They are all exposed to the fire in the morning and evening, and when the Hour comes [it will be said]: “Admit the people of Pharaoh to the worst torment” (40.46).
Translation by Louay Fatoohi and Shetha Al-Dargazelli 2008