Nov 222008

This is “Appendix A.4: The Qur’anic Verses on Moses in the Chapter of ash-Shu‘ara’ (the Poets) (26.10-66)” of the book The Mystery of Israel in Ancient Egypt: The Exodus in the Qur’an, the Old Testament, Archaeological Finds, and Historical Sources

When your Lord [O Muhammad!] called Moses [saying]: “Go to the wrongdoing people (26.10) — the people of Pharaoh. Will they not be pious” (26.11)? He said: “My Lord! I fear that they will accuse me of telling lies (26.12), my breast will be straitened, and my tongue will not speak plainly, so call Aaron [to help me] (26.13). They also have a charge of crime against me, so I am afraid that they will kill me” (26.14). He said: “By no means. Go you both with Our signs; We shall be with you, hearing (26.15). Go to Pharaoh and say: ‘We are messengers of the Lord of all peoples (26.16). Let the Children of Israel go with us’” (26.17). [Pharaoh] said [to Moses]: “Did we not rear you among us as a child, you lived a number of years among us (26.18), and then you committed what you did, being one of the ungrateful” (26.19)? He said: “I did it when I was one of those who are astray (26.20). Then I fled from you when I feared you, so my Lord granted me Wisdom and appointed me one as of the messengers (26.21). Is it a favor you remind me of that you have enslaved the Children of Israel” (26.22)? Pharaoh said: “Who is the Lord of all peoples” (26.23)? He (Moses) said: “The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if you would be sure” (26.24). He (Pharaoh) said to those around him: “Do you not hear” (26.25)? He (Moses) said: “Your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers” (26.26). He (Pharaoh) said: “Your messenger who has been sent to you is a madman” (26.27). He (Moses) said: “The Lord of the East and the West and what is between them, if you would understand” (26.28). He (Pharaoh) said: “If you choose a god other than me, I shall imprison you” (26.29). He (Moses) said: “Even if I show you clear evidence” (26.30)? He (Pharaoh) said: “Produce it then, if you are of one the truthful” (26.31). So he threw his staff down, and it became a manifest serpent (26.32). And he took his hand out and, lo! it was white to the beholders (26.33). He (Pharaoh) said to the chiefs around him: “This is an accomplished magician (26.34) who would like to drive you out of your land by his magic; what is your advice” (26.35)? They said: “Let him and his brother wait, and send to the cities summoners (26.36) who shall bring to you every skilled magician” (26.37). So the magicians were gathered together at the set time on an appointed day (26.38). It was said to the people: “Will you gather together (26.39)? So that we may follow the [evidence of the] magicians if they are the victorious” (26.40). When the magicians came, they said to Pharaoh: “Shall we get a reward if we are the victorious” (26.41)? He said: “Yes, and you will be considered with those who are brought close [to me]” (26.42). Moses said to them: “Throw down what you are going to throw” (26.43). They threw down their cords and staffs and said: “By Pharaoh’s might, we shall be the victorious” (26.44). Then Moses threw down his staff, and it swallowed that which they falsely showed (26.45). So the magicians were thrown down in prostration (26.46). They said: “We believe in the Lord of all peoples (26.47), the Lord of Moses and Aaron” (26.48). He Said: “You have believed in him before I give you permission? He must be your master who taught you magic, so you shall know. I will cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides, and I shall crucify you all” (26.49). They said: “It is no harm, for to our Lord we shall return (26.50). We hope that our Lord will forgive us our sins that we are the first believers” (26.51). We revealed to Moses: “Take away My servants by night; you will be pursued” (26.52). Then Pharaoh sent into the cities summoners (26.53) [saying] that: “These are a small isolated group (26.54), they have angered us (26.55), and we are apprehensive of a coalition” (26.56). So We removed them from gardens, springs (26.57), treasures, and a fair abode (26.58); and We caused the Children of Israel to inherit them (26.59). Then they pursued them eastward (26.60). When the two gatherings became close enough to see each other, those who were with Moses said: “We will be caught” (26.61). He said: “No way! My Lord is with me; He will show me a way out” (26.62). We revealed to Moses: “Strike the sea with your staff,” so it split, and each part was like a huge mountain (26.63). We brought near the others (Pharaoh and his army) (26.64). We saved Moses and all those who were with him (26.65). Then We drowned the others (26.66).



 Translation by Louay Fatoohi and Shetha Al-Dargazelli 2008

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