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This is “Appendix A.5: The Qur’anic Verses on Moses in the Chapter of al-Baqara (The Cow) (2.47-71)” of the book The Mystery of Israel in Ancient Egypt: The Exodus in the Qur’an, the Old Testament, Archaeological Finds, and Historical Sources

O Children of Israel! Remember My favor to you and that I preferred you above all peoples (2.47). Fear a day on which no soul shall pay any recompense for another, no intercession will be accepted from it, no compensation will be taken from it, and they will not be helped (2.48). [Remember] when We rescued you from Pharaoh’s people who subjected you to the worst torment, slaying your sons and sparing your women. There was a great trial from your Lord in this (2.49). When We parted the sea for you, so we saved you and drowned Pharaoh’s people while you look (2.50). When We appointed for Moses forty nights, then you took the calf [for a god] after him, and you were wrongdoers (2.51). Then We forgave you after it that you may give thanks (2.52). When We gave Moses the Book and the Discrimination [between right and wrong] that you may be guided (2.53). When Moses said to his people: “O my people! You have wronged yourselves by taking the calf [for a god], so repent to your Creator and kill yourselves (those who have been guilty of the crime); that is better for you in the eyes of your Creator.” So He pardoned you; He is the forgiving, the merciful (2.54). When you said: “O Moses! We will not believe you until we see Allah plainly,” so the thunderbolt caught you while you were looking on (2.55). Then We resurrected you after your death that you may give thanks (2.56). We overshadowed you with the clouds and sent down on you the manna and the quails, [saying]: “Eat of the good things We have given you.“ They did not wrong Us but they were wronging themselves (2.57). When We said: “Enter this town and eat from wherever you like as much as you like. Enter the gate prostrating and say ‘hittatun’ so that We forgive your sins and give increase to the good-doers” (2.58). The wrongdoers then changed what had been said to them with another saying, so We sent down on those who did wrong a punishment from heaven because of their rebellion (2.59). When Moses asked for drink for his people We said: “Strike the rock with your staff,” so twelve springs burst forth. Every people knew their drinking place. [We said]: “Eat and drink of what Allah has provided and do not cause corruption on the earth” (2.60). When you said: “O Moses! We cannot endure one kind of food. Pray to your Lord to produce for us of what the earth grows — its beans, cucumbers, garlic, lentils, and onions.” He said: “Would you exchange that which is better for that which is meaner? Go down to some town and you shall have what you asked for.” Humiliation and abasement were stamped on them and they incurred wrath from Allah, because they used to deny Allah’s signs and unjustly kill prophets. That is because they disobeyed and transgressed (2.61). Those who believe, the Jews, the Christians, and the Sabaeans — whoever believe in Allah and the Last Day and does good — they shall have their reward from their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve (2.62). When We took a covenant with you and raised the mountain above you [saying]: “Take firmly what We have given you and remember what is in it that you may become pious” (2.63). Then you turned away after that; had it not for Allah’s favor on you and His mercy you would have been among the losers (2.64). You knew about those of you who transgressed during the Sabbath; We said to them: “Be despised apes” (2.65). We made it a punishment at the time and later (for those who do the same) and an admonition to the pious (2.66). When Moses said to his people: “Allah commands you to slaughter a cow.” They said: “Are you making fun of us?” He said: “I take refuge with Allah from being one of the ignorant” (2.67). They said: “Pray to your Lord for us to clarify to us what she is.” He said: “He says she is neither old nor a heifer but middle-aged between the two, so do what you are commanded” (2.68). They said: “Pray to your Lord for us to clarify to us her color.” He said: “He says she is a yellow cow, bright is her color, and she is pleasing to the beholders” (2.69). They said: “Pray to your Lord for us to clarify to us what she is, for the cows look the same to us; Allah willing, we shall be guided” (2.70). He said: “He says that she is a cow that is not used to plough the land or water the field. She is sound, blemishless.“ They said: “Now you have brought the truth.” They slaughtered her, but they nearly did not do (2.71). 

 

          

Translation by Louay Fatoohi and Shetha Al-Dargazelli 2008

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