As we saw in the previous chapter, the Jesus of the New Testament is no normal human being. He is essentially divine. Paul, John, and the writers of other books state this clearly, Matthew seems to suggest it, whereas Mark and Luke are rather ambivalent. Jesus’ divinity seems to be the essence of his unique sonship of God, even when not spelt out explicitly. This dogma has been central to the Christian faith, yet it is completely rejected by the Qur’an.
Before we study what the Qur’an says about the deification of Jesus, we will discuss its concept of the oneness of God and take a look at how it dealt with Arabia’s polytheism.