Qur’anic Studies

Writings About the Qur'an, Islam, and Religion by Louay Fatoohi

Similarities and Differences Between the Qur’an and Jewish and Christian Scriptures and Sources: What Do They Really Mean?

One observation that is often made by critics of the Qur’an is that at times its historical account of a story, such as the story of Prophet Moses or Jesus, has similarities with Jewish and Christian scriptures and other writings. This observation is then used to claim that Prophet Muhammad must have copied at least parts of the Qur’an from those sources, so he could not have received it from God.

The First Letter From the “Fifteen Letters”

O dear one!

When the lightnings of direct witnessing flash from the clouds of the emanation of:

Allah guides to His Light whom He wills, (24.35)

—and the winds of the union of love blow from the windward of the care of:

He chooses for His mercy whom He wills, (2.105)

—the fragrant plants of close rapport will flower in the gardens of the hearts,

Myths About “The Verse of the Sword”

The so-called “the verse of the sword” is said to have abrogated numerous Qur'anic verses that call on the Muslims to be tolerant, forgiving, and patient, and to display such positive attributes toward non-Muslims that allowed Muslims to live peacefully with various religious groups for 1,400 years. This claim has become very popular among Muslim terrorist groups and individuals who use it to justify their atrocities. I shall review here a number of fundamental problems with this claim.

The Christmas Tree in the Qur’an?

The Christian tradition of the Christmas tree can be traced back to no later than the 14th century. The Gospels do not contain anything that may explain associating the festive tree tradition with Jesus’ birth in particular. However, the Qur'an suggests that the Christmas tree can be linked to a specific tree that featured prominently in Jesus’ birth.

The differences Between “Sunna” and “Hadith”

The terms “Sunna” and “Ḥadīth” are often used interchangeably. This use is inaccurate. As I explained, “Sunna” denotes what the Prophet said, did, approved, and disapproved of, explicitly or implicitly. “Ḥadīth,” on the other hand, refers to the reports of such narrations. Furthermore, while “Ḥadīth” and “Sunna” are used synonymously because the Ḥadīth literature is the main source of the Sunna of the Prophet, it is not its only source.
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